There can be many different causes of pain in the lower back region of the body. Back/spinal surgery may be required when medications cannot treat the disease and the condition. Surgeons and doctors may recommend back surgery in rare conditions only. Before that, there are other treatment procedures available including physical therapy, heat/ice packs, and anti-inflammatory medications.

Sometimes no other treatment procedure or medication may work and the pain in the back region of the body may be disabling. Surgery of the back or spinal surgery is only recommended in such conditions. Sometimes the pain in the back region may shoot toward the legs. These conditions occur due to pinched and compressed nerves. The causes of nerve pinching include:

  • Disc-Related Health Conditions: the spinal bones are separated from each other through cushions called discs. When the herniated or bulging desktop comes close to the nerves of the spine, it may be a cause of pain.
  • Bone Overgrowth: bone overgrowth is called a spur, a condition associated with osteoarthritis. The space through which the nerve of the spine passes would reduce due to excessive bone growth. It may cause pain and discomfort.

Spine surgery can treat bone, leg, and back pain effectively in most cases. However, an expert neurosurgeon and orthopedics at a leading healthcare clinic like will run a complete medical examination including an x-ray examination to pinpoint the cause of the pain.

Types of Spinal Surgery

There are various kinds of spinal surgery options available. Healthcare professionals and neurosurgeons carefully study the cause of the disease and other aspects to choose the best course of action.

  • Fusion: metal implants can be used for connecting bones, once the arthritic joints are removed.
  • Artificial Disc Replacement: it is a highly effective surgery that ensures that repetitive and other surgeries are not required even later. The artificial discs are made of plastic or metal. The artificial disc replaces the existing but deteriorated natural disc (the cushion between the bones).
  • Laminectomy: in this surgical procedure, certain bones of the spinal and back regions are removed so that nerves can easily pass through.
  • Diskectomy: the surgical procedure removes the herniated portion of the affected disc.


You can consult the neurosurgeons and orthopedic specialists at a leading healthcare and spinal disc replacement clinic for diagnosis and treatment. Spinal surgeries including artificial disc replacement are highly fast and accurate now and do not require hospitalization. However, your doctor can best diagnose your condition and recommend the most favorable treatment options available.